Cardiac abnormalities among chronic hemodialysis patients
Authors: Lalla fatima ezzahra el hassani, Salwa cheraou, Latifa oukerraj, Nadia fellat, Rokya fellat, Mohamed cherti
Abstract:Objective: The annual mortality of cardiovascular diseases of dialysis patients is higher than the general population. The tranc-thoracic echocardiography allows the evaluation of the heart structure and function within the trated patients by hemodialysis in order to identify patients with cardiovascular high risk. Methods: This work is a descriptive retrospective study. The objective is to determine the major cardiac abnormalities diagnosed with echocardiography in patients with chronic hemodialysis and to list their epidemiological, clinical and biological characteristics at the time of the study. Results: The average age of our patients is of 50.2 ± 7 years with an average hemodialysis endurance of 12.1± 2.4 years. The main etiologies of the chronic renal failure were essentially the diabete type 2, the arterial hypertension and chronic nephritis tubule-interstitial. The most cardiac abnormalities was the left ventricular hypertrophy. The presence of a systolic or diastolic arterial hypertension has been noted as a significant factor fostering the LVH within the chronic hemodialysis (p=0.002).The anemia is not said to be associated to the development of the left ventricular hypertrophy(p=0.09). Conclusions: This study revealed the etiology leading to chronic renal failure insufficiency. Echocardiography accurately diagnosed cardiac abnormalities such as left ventricular hypertrophy. The study allowed to detect the factors involved in the development of this HVG especialy systolic arterial hypertension. This result permit us to act on these factors in order to prevent the cardiovascular events to which hemodialysis patients will be exposed.
Published on: 30-04-2019