The use of Sulphadoxine Pyrimethamine as a Malaria Prophylaxis for Pregnant Women in the Volta Regional Hospital
Authors: Kennedy Diema Konlan,Joseph M Kombat,MilicentAarah Bapuah,Kennedy Dodam Konlan, Gifty Mary Wuffele
Abstract:Background: Malaria has a huge negative impact on the health of most people globally. In Ghana, malaria acquired in pregnancy comes with a lot of negative consequences for both mother and foetus, and even the family. This study assessed the use of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) as a malaria prophylaxis among pregnant women. Methods: The study employed a descriptive cross-sectional design. The population included an estimated number of 1000 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in the Volta Regional Hospital within a month. The sample was 286 calculated based on Yamene formula for sample size calculation. Data was collected using a pretested questionnaire. Data collected was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 22. Results: Majority (238, 82.33%) of the respondents had knowledge on SP but several knowledge gaps identified among the pregnant women on the Intermittent Preventive Therapy for malaria in pregnancy (IPTp). SP use was high amongst the pregnant women as 186 out of 286 took SP for various reasons. The study identified intrinsic and extrinsic health service related factors that influenced SP use among the pregnant women. Conclusion: Antenatal clinicstaff should be trained on good client-provider interaction to sustain positive attitudes exhibited by staff towards pregnant women. Also, emphasis on the importance of SP through health education and community awareness creation will result in increased awareness of malaria in pregnancy.
Published on: 24-10-2018