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Clinico-microbiological study of dermatophytosis in a tertiary care institute in Northern India

Authors: Shilpi Sharma, ShashankPrateek, Priyanka Gupta, Pratima Gupta, DilipMeena, Aditi Dhanta
Abstract:Introduction: Dermatophytoses is predominantly a tropical dermatosis but there is a current upsurge of complicated dermatophytosis in India. Various cross-sectional studies have been conducted on dermatophytic infections across India noted an increase incidence of dermatophytosis in the last decade. . At present there is a dearth of clinical evidence regarding the trend of dermatophytosis in India.Material and methods: A retrospective analysis of data collected from the clinical records of 207 patients of clinically suspected dermatophytoses over a period of 12 months. Their clinico demographic profile, KOH and fungal culture details were obtained.Statistical Analysis Used:Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 17.0 software.Results:Out of total 207 patients, male predominance was noted with a male to female ratio of 2.1:1. Maximum number of cases were from the age group 16 to 30 years. 73.4 % had two or more site involvement, this was followed by Tineacruris (11.6%) , Tineacorporis (8.2%), Tineamanuum (1.9%), Tineapedis (1.9%), Tineacapitis (1.5%), Tineafaciei (1.5%) . 48.3% had a positive KOH mount and 25.1% had positive culture results.T.mentagrophytes was isolated in 17.9 %, T. rubrumin 5.8%, Microsporumgypseumin 0.9%, Trichophytonverrucosum 0.5%.Conclusion: This study highlights the change in clinical pattern of dermatophytosis and emergence of T. Mentagropthyte as a causative agent.
Year: 2018
Month: October
Volume: 7
Issue: 4
Published on: 24-10-2018