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Effect of Health Literacy on Medication Adherence among Diabetic Patients

Authors: Olorunfemi, Olaolorunpo, Chukwurah, Maureen Ngozi, Agbo David Idenyi
Abstract:Introduction:Diabetes mellitus is a major threat in developing countries around the world;thousands of peoples die of diabetic-related cases due to low medication adherence. Most scholars believe that proper health education is a way forward.Objectives:To determine the correlation between health literacy and medication adherence among Diabetic patients.Material and method: A correlational research design was used to correlate health literacy and medication adherence among diabetic patients.All registered diabetic patients that are willing to participate in the study from the three hospitals were used for the study.The instrument used was Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) and Short Functional Health Literacy in Adults Test (STOHFLA). The questionnaires were administered to 180 participants and same were retrieved. Data collected was coded and imputed into SPSS statistics 21 for analysis at 0.05 level of significant.Results: The findings showed that 100 (55.6%) of the participants had low adherence level, 70(38.9%) had medium adherence level and 10(5.6%) of the participants had higher adherence level. It was also found that 33.3% of the participants had adequate health literacy and 66.7% of the participants had inadequate health literacy. The correlation showed that health literacy with p- value of 0.05 is statistically significant to medication adherence.Conclusion: The study shows that inadequate health literacy among diabetic patients is responsible for low medication adherence. The researchers, therefore, suggested that nurses need to step uptheir effort on improving the health literacy of patients, which is a fundamental approach to achieving better health management for diabetic patients.
Year: 2018
Month: July
Volume: 7
Issue: 3
Published on: 18-07-2018