Prevalence of Eating Disorders among Female University Medical Students in Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Authors: Samar S. Barayan,Zainab A. Al yousif, Amr A. Sabra
Abstract:Background: The social media pressure on women to be thin and the advertisement for strict diet plans have been linked to the expression of serious eating disorders. The prevalence of eating disorder risk in university students is high and is associated with unhealthy weight-control practices .Eating disorders is known to have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness. Objectives:The study aimed to estimate the risk of eating disorders and its association with body weight among female medical students in Imam Abdul Rahman Bin Faisal University (IAU) in Saudi Arabia.Method: This cross-sectional study surveyed 557 female students at IAU. Data was collected by self-administered questionnaire filled by all Saudi female medical students .Analysis was done using SPSS version16. Results: 14.1% of female medical students were at high risk for eating disorders. There was a significant correlation between Eating Disorder Examination- Questionnaire score (EDE-Q), BMI and self-perception of weight (P<0.001). By logistic regression analysis, the factor that was found to be significantly associated with high risk of eating disorders was abnormal self-perception of weight with a p value = 0.002. Conclusion: The prevalence of eating disorders risk in female university students is high and is associated with unhealthy weight-control practices which correlates with similar results in previous studies these results may be taken to improve early detection and management of eating disorders among female students in the university campuses.
Published on: 18-07-2018