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Authors Instructions:

Thank you for your interest in International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences. Please go through the following instructions that helps you in your manuscript preparation and feel free to contact us for any queries. All manuscripts will be subjected to RAPID peer review process and those of high quality (which are not previously published and are not under consideration for publication by another journal) would be published without any delay in subsequent issue.

All articles must be submitted along with covering letter (model covering letter) by email attachment only to editor@ijmhs.net or ijmhs.editor@gmail.com.

Authors are encouraged to suggest the names and give official email addresses of three potential referees/reviewers of your choice while submitting their articles (Not compulsory). We are looking forward to your submissions.

Editorial Policy:

Authors should prepare their manuscripts submitted to the journal exactly according to the instructions given here. Manuscripts which do not follow the format and style of the journal may be returned to the authors for revision or rejected. The journal reserves the right to make any further formatting changes and language corrections necessary in a manuscript accepted for publication so that it conforms to the formatting requirements of the journal. Manuscripts and figures are not returned to the authors, not even upon rejection of the paper. Each submitted article will be reviewed by at least two peer reviewers, authors will be asked to do modifications if required, It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that the galley proofs are to be returned without delay with correction (if any). The authors are responsible for the contents appeared in their published manuscripts.

Open access policy:

www.ijmhs.net publishes peer-reviewed scholarly journals indexed with most international A&I databases. The journal provides immediate free access to the full text of articles in PDF format. The open access policy of the journal aims at increasing the visibility and accessibility of the published content and thus providing the desirable research impact.

Ethical Considerations 

In all experimental and studies on human or animals, authors must state whether formal approval from an Institutional Review Board or Ethics Committee was obtained. In the absence of such committee, the Declaration of Helsinki guidelines must be followed and be clearly stated in the Methods section of the manuscript. All studies on human subjects must include a statement that the subjects gave informed consent. Patient anonymity should be preserved. Photographs need to be cropped to prevent human subjects being recognized. Experiments involving animals must be demonstrated to be ethically acceptable and should conform to national guidelines for animal usage in research.

Authorship Criteria

Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to:   1. Concept and design of study or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data; 2.  Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3. Each contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content of the manuscript. The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor towards the study and writing the manuscript. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors. 4. Corresponding author should check his/her e –mail regularly.

Manuscript Style

Manuscripts must follow the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ revised “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts to be submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication”. (See http://www.ICMJE.org/)

Preparation of manuscript:

Title:
The title of the article should be approximately 10-15 words (this may be changed with the authors’ approval).

Authors

The full names, qualifications, affiliations, details of position/place of work of all authors should be listed at the beginning of the article. E mail id of corresponding author is must. Your Manuscript should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized – paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all sides. You should use 12 pt Times New Roman font.  Authors should take care over the fonts which are used in the document, including fonts within graphics. Fonts should be restricted to Times New Roman, Symbol and Zapf Dingbats.

Title: Should be in Title Case; the first character in each word in the title has to be capitalized. A research paper typically should include in the following order

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements (If any)
  • References
  • Figure legends
  • Tables
  • Appendixes (if necessary)
  • Abbreviations (if necessary)

Abstract – Limit of 250 Words

A brief summary of the research.  The abstract should include a brief introduction, a description of the hypothesis tested, the approach used to test the hypothesis, the results seen and the conclusions of the work. It can be a structured abstract like Introduction/Background, Materials and methods, Results, Conclusion(s).

Key words

Please, write no more than six keywords. Write specific keywords. They should be written left aligned, arranged alphabetically in 12pt Times Roman, and the line must begin with the words Keywords boldfaced.

Introduction

Description of the research area, pertinent background information, and the hypotheses tested in the study should be included under this section.  The introduction should provide sufficient background information such that a scientifically literate reader can understand and appreciate the experiments to be described. The introduction MUST include in-text citations including references to pertinent reviews and primary scientific literature. The specific aims of the project should be identified along with a rationale for the specific experiments and other work performed.

Materials and Methods

Materials and/or subjects utilized in the study as well as the procedures undertaken to complete the work. The methods should be described in sufficient detail such that they could be repeated by a competent researcher. Please include the company sources for all uncommon reagents (kits, drugs, etc).  Illustrations and/or tables may be helpful in describing complex equipment or elaborate procedures. The statistical tool used to analyze the data should be mentioned. All procedures involving experimental animals or human subjects must accompany with statement on necessary ethical approval from appropriate ethics committee.

Results

Data acquired from the research with appropriate statistical analysis described in the methods section should be included in this section.  The results section should describe the rational for each experiment, the results obtained and its significance. Results should be organized into figures and tables with descriptive captions. The captions, although brief, should tell the reader the method used, explain any abbreviations included in the figure, and should end with a statement as to the conclusion of the figure. Qualitative as well as quantitative results should be included if applicable.

Discussion/Conclusion

This section should relate the results section to current understanding of the scientific problems being investigated in the field. Description of relevant references to other work/s in the field should be included here. This section also allows you to discuss the significance of your results - i.e. does the data support the hypotheses you set out to test?  This section should end with new answers/questions that arise as a result of your work.

Tables and Figures

Tables:

  • Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material.
  • Tables with more than 12 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable.
  • Number tables, in Arabic numerals, consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each.
  • Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading.
  • Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table.
  • Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted, and modified tables and provide a credit line in the footnote.
  • For footnotes use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||,¶ , **, ††, ‡‡
  • Tables with their legends should be provided at the end of the text after the references. The tables along with their number place in the text.

Figures:

  • The maximum number of figures should be limited to four
  • Upload the images in JPEG format. The file size should be within 4 MB in size while uploading.
  • Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text.
  • Labels, numbers, and symbols should be clear and of uniform size. The lettering for figures should be large enough to be legible width of printed column. Use only horizontal rules for the tables; to separate the column headings. No vertical rules should that all columns and rows are aligned.
  • Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background and should be marked neatly with overlay and not by pen.
  • Titles and detailed explanations should be written in the legends for illustrations, and not on the illustrations themselves.
  • Send digital X-rays, digital images of histopathology slides, where feasible.
  • If photographs of individuals are used, authors should take written permission to use the photograph.
  • If a figure has been published elsewhere, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright a credit line should appear in the legend for such figures.
  • If the uploaded images are not of printable quality, the publisher office may request for higher resolution images which can be sent at the time of acceptance of the manuscript. Ensure that the image has minimum resolution of 300 dpi or 1800 x 1600 pixels.
  • The Journal reserves the right to crop, rotate, reduce, or enlarge the photographs to an acceptable size.
Acknowledgements – Limit of 100 Words

Page layout & styles

Page size  Letter Portrait 8 ½  X 11
Margins All Margins, 1 inch
Page numbers Numbered at bottom right
Footer / Headers None
Title  14 pt Times New Roman, bold, centered.
Author and co-authors 12 pt Times New Roman centered, bold - author and all co-authors names in one line. The corresponding author should include an asterisk*.
Authors affiliation 12 pt Times New roman centered - giving each authors' affiliation (i.e. Department/Organization/Address/Place/Country/email). Followed by single line spacing.
Author for Correspondence: 10pt Times New roman centered - giving a valid e-mail of the corresponding (main) author is a must.
Abstract  12 pt Times New roman, full justification Normal - maximum 250 words
Text  12 pt Times New roman, full justification – 1.5 line spacing between paragraphs. No indentation
Headings and numbering Major headings (ABSTRACT, KEYWORDS, INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS, DISCUSSION, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS, REFERENCES, FIGURE LEGENDS, TABLE/S) in upper case left-justified, 12 pt bold, Intermediate headings should be in italics, sentence case, left justified, 12 pt
Tables
To be incorporated at the end of Manuscript

Correct
“Table 1 : CRP levels in different grades of obesity………”
Incorrect
“Table No. 1 : CRP levels in different grades of obesity………”
Figures /Graphs
Figures may be embedded in your word document but they should be created with a program that allows you to save them as gif, jpg or tiff format.

For any figures or other materials directly extracted from previously published materials, you must have written permission from the publisher of that material for reprint use. A copy of that permission release must be submitted with your article.

It is the individual author's responsibility to attain this permission.

To be incorporated at the end of the manuscript with proper labeling

Correct
“Figure 1 : CRP levels in different grades of obesity………”
Incorrect
“Figure No. 1 : CRP levels in different grades of obesity………”

Graphs

To be included from excel, it should be editable.

Non – editable graphs will not be accepted.

References

References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order). Citations of literature within the text must be presented in numerical order and should be set in square brackets, thus [1, 12].The cited literatures are also collected in numerical order at the end of the manuscript under the heading “References”. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals. Avoid using abstracts as references.

Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text.

The commonly cited types of references are shown here, for other types of references such as newspaper items please refer to ICMJE Guidelines ( http://www.icmje.org or http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html ).

Articles in Journals

  1. a.Standard journal article (for up to six authors): Shukla N, Husain N, Agarwal GG, Husain M. Utility of cysticercus fasciolaris antigen in Dot ELISA for the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis. Indian J Med Sci 2008;62:222-7.
  2. b.Standard journal article (for more than six authors): List the first six contributors followed by et al. 

    Nozari Y, Hashemlu A, Hatmi ZN, Sheikhvatan M, Iravani A, Bazdar A, et al. Outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting in patients without major risk factors and patients with at least one major risk factor for coronary artery disease. Indian J Med Sci 2007;61:547-54
  3. c.Volume with supplement: Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assessment of nickel carcinogenicity and occupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perspect 1994; 102 Suppl 1:275-82. 
  4. d.Issue with supplement: Payne DK, Sullivan MD, Massie MJ. Women's psychological reactions to breast cancer. Semin Oncol 1996; 23(1, Suppl 2):89-97. 

Books and Other Monographs

  1. a.Personal author(s): Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996. 
  2. b.Editor(s), compiler(s) as author: Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996. 
  3. c.Chapter in a book: Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. pp. 465-78. 

Electronic Sources as reference

  • Journal article on the Internet
    • Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm
  • Monograph on the Internet
    • Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.
  • Homepage/Web site
    • Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.
  • Part of a homepage/Web site
    • American Medical Association [homepage on the Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995-2002 [updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug 12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/1736.html

Dissertation 
Susan MK. Hospital acquired infections: Role of antibiotic resistance [dissertation]. St. Louis (MO): Washington Univ.; 2002. 

Review Articles

Description: Comprehensive analyses of specific topics. These manuscripts are systematic, critical assessments of literature and data sources pertaining to clinical topics, emphasizing factors such as cause, diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, or prevention. All articles or data sources should be searched and critically evaluated, and the search and selection process should be described in the manuscript. The specific type of study or analysis, population, intervention, exposure, and tests or outcomes should be described for each article or data source. The data sources should be as current as possible, ideally with the search having been conducted within several months of manuscript submission.
Word Limit: 4000 words maximum.
Abstract: 250 words maximum.
References: 50-75 maximum.
Figures/Tables: 4 maximum.

Editorials 

Word Limit: 1500 words maximum.
Abstract: none References: 15 maximum.
Description: A written “opinion piece” of issues important for readers to know.

Case Reports 

Description: Observations of diseases, clinical findings or treatment. Text should be arranged as follows: Abstract;Introduction; Case Report; Discussion; Conclusion; Acknowledgements; References.
Word Limit: 1000 words max.
Abstract: 250 words max.
References: 20 maximum
Figures/Tables: maximum 4

Short communications 

Word Limit: 1000 words max.
Abstract: none
References: 15 maximum 
Figures/Tables: 3 max.
Description: Short research articles or reports of important observations or short original studies or evaluations or unique, first-time reports of clinical series. Text should have Acknowledgements and References.

Conflicts of Interest/ Competing Interests

Authors should disclose any and all conflicts of interest they may have with publication of the manuscript/ s or an institution/s or product/s that is mentioned in the manuscript and/or is important to the outcome of the study to be published. Authors should also disclose conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.

Protection of Patients's Rights to Privacy

Care should be taken not to disclose identifying information in the text, photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian, wherever applicable) gives written informed consent for publication. Authors should remove patients' names from figures unless they have obtained written informed consent from the patients. When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the manuscript.

Copyright

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.

Article Processing Charges

International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences it is being run by ijmhs.net, dedicated to encourage research in the field of Medical and health sciences. Due to costs towards article processing, maintenance of paper in secured data storage system, databases and other financial constraints, the authors are required to pay Rs.3000/- (Indian Authors affiliated to Indian Institutes only) and 150 USD (Foreign Authors) for Original article/ Review article/case report submitted. Modes of payment details will be informed to the corresponding author upon the acceptance of the article for publication.